Since a couple of weeks, your little pooch’s barks have been loud enough to oppose the peaceful sanctuary of the neighborhood. It has been pacing and panting throughout your backyard frantically, and this off-the-radar routine has added to your worries since a couple of weeks. Despite those recurrent visits to your family veterinarian, you haven’t been able to come to a conclusion regarding your little dog’s illness. Your dog’s becoming pale day by day, and you can’t help but whine and cry to your neighbors, friends and family regarding your pooch’s condition. But which brand of CBD is best for your dog? Please refer to the quick compare chart below for what brands we found to be the ‘best’ to date. Below you will find a buyers guide if you are just getting started with using CBD on your dog or pet.
Today, we’re going to talk about how cannabis, actually CBD can be used as an alternative to routine medications for the treatment of several medical conditions and illnesses in pets apart from its exhaustive use in humans. Despite having little study to back this information, plenty of pet owners and holistic veterinarians have come forward in conjunctional support of cannabis as a much better treatment option in dogs.
Cannabis – Hemp Vs. Marijuana?
There are two prominent species of the cannabis plant – Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica. Marijuana can exist co-independently as both the forms and is therefore, pretty notorious for giving you temporary wings and helping you to soar high beyond your imagination. Hemp, on the other, is another form of Cannabis sativa that is best known for its potential benefits on the system and non-intoxicating features.
Cannabis consists of more than 480 compounds – all of which are unique and potent in their efficacy. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD), however, are two primary and active cannaboids that have a wide range of effects on the behavioural issues of mammals.
THC is primarily responsible for exerting psychoactive effects on the system and is usually present in large quantities – approximately 10 – 15% – in marijuana. It has the ability to alter cognition and can impose various detrimental including intoxicating effects on the system as well. Hemp, on the other hand, consists of 0.3% of THC and large quantities of CBD that impose no threat to the system due to its regulation of non-psychoactive properties. Its use is therefore, safe and guaranteed for healing and therapeutic purposes.
Mechanism of CBD – How does CBD work on animals?
Most mammals including dogs consist of a thorough endocannabinoid system that is responsible for maintaining homeostasis in the body. The endocannabinoid system – named particularly in the mid-1990s – comprises of cannaboid receptors, endogenous lipid ligands and enzymes for constant degradation, inactivation and synthesis of cannaboid substances.
These receptors are distributed in the brain and the periphery, and can impose an immunological reaction in response to susceptible threats in the system. The endocannabinoid system can therefore, develop short-lived natural cannaboids to maintain homeostasis in the body.
The endocannabinoid system comprises of two receptors – CB1 and CB2 – both of which are primarily responsible for the regulation of homeostasis in the system. CB1 was isolated in 1993 followed by the discovery of CB2, endogenous lipid ligands and end cannabinoids of the system.
While CB1 receptors are primarily located in the brain and the nervous system to a greater extent, CB2 receptors can be found in the immune system throughout the body, albeit in lesser quantities. The primary function of these two receptors is to either down-regulate or up-regulate responses in the immune system in order to control inflammation and various other processes in the body.
The endocannabinoid system requires both the receptors to work in conjunction with each other, and therefore, elicit responses that will maintain homeostasis in the body. However, in lieu of a prolonged or diminished response, the endocannabinoid system might lead the body towards an autoimmune attack or a host of other infections and chronic illnesses, respectively.
When orally ingested – either in the form of edibles such as dog biscuits, topical creams or CBD oil in tinctures – Cannabidiol (CBD) is taken up by the receptors of the endocannabinoid system for the maintenance of homeostasis in the little pooch’s body. This cannabinoid substance therefore, exerts a non-psychoactive immunological response in the system and exhaustively regulates and balances the physiological processes within the body.
Dosage of CBD Oil to apply to dogs:
Holistic veterinarians can advise oral capsules or delectable treats for your dog such as biscuits containing hemp-derived cannabinoids or other forms such as CBD oil in tinctures and topical creams as well. According to studies, CBD oil is recommended far and wide due its safe dosage and favorable pharmacokinetics.
While the dosage of CBD oil is somewhat similar to the prescribed indications for humans, there are some factors that are necessary before you add a few drops into your pooch’s dinner. While large quantities of CBD oil might not be risky for your pooch, holistic veterinarians advise following a recommended dosage plan to elicit a better response.
In addition, it is recommended to start from the lowest dosage – even if your dog’s getting its paws wet with CBD oil for the first time – so that pet owners can report any adverse effects to the vet due to its usage. Consequently, this will help veterinarians to gauge the dog’s response to CBD oil in reference to its administered dosage.
According to the dosing guidelines, it is recommended to start in correlation to every 10 pounds of your dog’s body weight. For instance, if this is your dog’s first time with CBD oil, then for the first week, make sure you start from a prescribed dosage of 1 – 5mg per 10 pounds of the dog’s body weight and proceed subsequently.
You’d be able to recognize the signs and symptoms of improper or inadequate dosage in the form of a negative reaction or the lack of therapeutic effects, respectively. In the situation of an inadequate dosage, you can increase the dosage till the required amount elicits a desired response.
Overdosing on CBD oil wouldn’t lead to the cannaboid’s toxicity or the build-up of the substance in the system. However, in order to ensure maximum safety, it is advisable to run the first few dosages in the presence of an experienced veterinarian so that you can come to terms with its therapeutic and adverse (if any) effects, therein.
Most brands such as Quiet Monk CBD Oil for pets come with a host of instructions enlisted on its packaging. These instructions also cover any dosage queries, preventing you from fretting about how to go about it in the first place. For instance, this particular brand advises you to use 0.6 ml if your dog weighs below 25 lbs and 1.2 ml for those that are above the aforementioned weight. 0.6 ml is equivalent to almost 20 drops or over half a dropper and 1.2 ml, approximately 40 drops or just a little over a full dropper. 1 ml usually accounts for a full dropper.
The therapeutic effects start to kick in after 30 minutes per dosage. However, this might differ since every dog might react differently to the consumption of CBD oil. CBD oil might take 20 – 60 minutes to exert therapeutic effects in your dog’s system if it’s given directly or sublingually (beneath the tongue).
If it’s given orally in the form of gel capsules or in dog food, then it might take at least 45 minutes to elicit a response. Oral formulations might take a maximum of 90 minutes to elicit a therapeutic response while in most cases; you’d have to administer a high dose for relief. In addition, holistic veterinarians suggest waiting up to 2 to 4 weeks for an optimum response.
Factors to Consider Before Buying CBD Oil for Your Dog:
There are a lot of vendors scattered in the marketplace, many of which might take your bereaved opportunity to sell you CBD oil that is neither registered nor authentic. Mentioned below are a few factors that you should consider before splurging your money over the internet or to a local unauthorized vendor.
Before buying CBD oil from a designated vendor, look for its license that should be posted in its description on its official e-commerce website on the internet. A licensed vendor of CBD Oil will definitely post a Certificate of Agreement (COA) or a verification merchant seal citing the legally authorized agreement on its website.
Before purchasing CBD Oil, make sure that you read its ingredients as enlisted in its description carefully. Most merchants might either sell diluted versions of CBD oil with additives and preservatives for a price that is way lower than what’s being offered in the market. Make a choice after you compare your options thoroughly.
Organic Hemp Cannabinoids:
CBD Oil that’s being marketed simply as Hemp Oil isn’t the actual organic product. Most vendors might sell you hemp seed oil instead of cannabinoid hemp oil – both of which are different in their constituents. However, hemp seed oil might contain some residues of CBD which is not at all therapeutic even at a higher dose. Look for CBD oil that is derived from organic hemp.
Ensure that you purchase organically derived hemp CBD Oil that is not only enriched with phytocannabinoids and terpenes but also verified and monitored exhaustively under a non-GMO spectrum.
Minute to Absent Strains THC:
Since hemp consists of minute strains of THC (0.3%), its usage is recommended for pets for therapeutic purposes. It is, however, advisable to check the verification seal or the description of your desired CBD Oil on its website so that you can check and confirm the amount of THC contained per serving. It is better to be safe than sorry since even trace amounts of THC has adverse effects on pets, let alone larger quantities which can result in fatality as well.
Consider CBD oils that consist of a wide range of phytocannabinoids and other organic derivatives found in hemp. Most CBD containing products consist of only cannabinoids, and are therefore, labeled as ‘CBD Isolate’ under the description.
Check for the label, ‘Full-spectrum CBD’ instead of ‘CBD Isolate’ before purchasing your desired product. CBD Oil containing cannabinoids and organic hemp derivatives will exert a much prominent therapeutic effect known as the ‘entourage effect’.
Gluten and Toxin Free CBD:
The best CBD Oil is not only gluten-free but also exempt from harmful chemicals such as toxins, metals, parabens, yeast, mold, bacteria and THC.
What Are The Main Benefits of CBD Oil For Dogs:
Mentioned below are a few benefits that we think you should know before heading towards the aisles for CBD Oil.
Joint Pain and Stiffness:
According to PetCareRx, approximately 20% of dogs undergo joint pain due to a congenital, developmental or a degenerative disorder – the symptoms and signs of which can become prominent at any point in their lives. Usually reported as a mild discomfort in limbs, this joint pain can somehow progress to a chronic, degenerative illness and reduce the quality of a dog’s life. Your dog will stop playing fetch with you or perhaps, even start limping due to the stiffness and rigidity in its limbs.
In order to treat this, most veterinarians recommend conventional treatments such as surgery or prescriptions including painkillers and steroid injections for immediate pain relief. However, holistic veterinarians are adopting an herbal approach to counteract the chronic inflammation in joints.
CBD Oil is inexpensive and a much safer alternative, therefore, holistic veterinarians believe in prescribing its usage in adequate dosages for relief from rigidity, stiffness and pain in joints. CBD acts by exerting its anti-inflammatory properties which targets affected joints by providing immediate relief from arthritis.
According to the first ever hemp veterinary study conducted in a private teaching hospital, it was found that CBD Oil not only showed positive results in treating canine osteoarthritis, but also showed no adverse effects. This study was published by Cornell University on July 23rd, 2018, and motivated veterinarians to continue researching on the effects of CBD Oil in treating seizures and anxiety in felines and canines.
Relief from Acute Pancreatitis:
In acute pancreatitis, your dog might suffer from acute, stabbing abdominal pain which might radiate and aggravate with the presentation of nausea and vomiting. Due to acute inflammation of the pancreas, your dog might suffer from anorexia, lack of appetite and fatigue.
Since this inflammation is due to the backflow of digestive enzymes into the pancreas, CBD Oil can help to maintain homeostasis by causing the immune system to elicit a response. With the regulation of the system, CBD Oil will also tend to relieve pain remarkably.
General Pain Reliever:
In addition to pain relief from arthritis and acute pancreatitis, CBD oil also acts to relieve pain in various parts of the body. Since endocannabinoid receptors are scattered throughout a dog’s body, CBD can exert its anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties all over the periphery.
CBD Oil might come in handy for dogs that get injured occasionally due to playing catch or fetch. They are also good for eliminating pain in situations after surgery or during a chronic illness. CBD Oil also acts by reducing the oxidation of free radicals, therefore, minimizing stress and pain throughout the body. The influence of free radicals also causes premature ageing in dogs. CBD Oil can therefore, not only act as a general pain reliever but also as an anti-ageing agent.
Anxiety and Behavioral Issues:
In addition to having profound anti-inflammatory properties, CBD Oil also possesses a wide range of therapeutic benefits in dogs suffering from anxiety. Its effect on dogs suffering from separation anxiety and fear-based aggression is still a tough knot to untangle, and research has been underway to conclude its potential benefits.
Apparently, CBD Oil has been known to brilliantly reduce anxiety in dogs that take stress in response to certain situations. For instance, a casual visit to a vet or in some dire cases, a thunder storm or being left alone behind might trigger anxiety and behavioral problems in dogs. Some might act up violently while others – a fair majority – might just whimper or hide until there is no evidence of the trigger. CBD Oil, therefore, helps dogs to combat with stressful situations by reducing their anxiety with several coping mechanisms.
Holistic vets prefer advising CBD Oil for combating with a pet’s phobias or anxiety instead of conventional anti-anxiety medications since the latter are known to have a lot of side effects.
Seizures and Epilepsy:
Approximately one third of patients fail to show any therapeutic response to epileptic medications. This consensus hasn’t been proven in dogs but in lieu of the 5% that actually suffer from seizures in canines, conventional anti-epileptic medications are usually not preferred routinely. Research is underway – mainly due to the testimonies of pet owners that raved about the effects of CBD Oil on their canine’s seizures.
Holistic vets have therefore, started advising pet owners on account of testimonies which stated that CBD Oil acted as a better alternative to conventional anti-epileptic medications due to lesser side effects. It was also reported that canines suffered from fewer seizures when treated with CBD Oil, and was therefore, highly recommended in drug-resistant epilepsy.
Allergies are a body’s response to unidentified triggers and unwanted exposure to foreign chemicals that it may deem as harmful. In response to these potential threats, the body’s immune system starts producing histamine, after the activation of mast cells. These allergies might involve symptoms of itching with possible signs of swelling, hives and nasal congestion.
Pollen, yeast or mold act as potential allergens for dogs, and they’re easily affected more due to their avid frolicking in the outdoors in spring/summertime. CBD Oil, due to its anti-inflammatory properties, helps to combat these histamine triggers by invoking the immune system to put a stop to its production.
If you notice a lump, then visit your veterinarian without thinking twice. Chances are that your dog might be suffering from cancer.
According to studies, almost half of canines don’t get to live over the age of 10. This is primarily due to the fact that cancer gets to them first before a possible cure would. The most common cause of death in canines is usually cancer – more commonly over the age of 10 – which can be detected and treated with a conjunction of conventional therapies known to man.
Since cancer takes its toll on the body and recovery isn’t linear, CBD Oil is known to make the process of healing less painful and uncomfortable.
CBD Oil helps by reducing inflammation and relieving pain while your dog undergoes therapy for the treatment of cancer. CBD will also act by reducing fatigue and lethargy, and by increasing the appetite of your dog.
Approximately, 40% of canines get affected with glaucoma sometime in their lives – which can result in complete blindness if not treated on time. Glaucoma is an optical condition that manifests itself as partial sight loss due to elevated ocular pressure in the eyes. CBD Oil treats glaucoma by adequately draining the fluids responsible for building up ocular pressure.
Unlike marijuana, CBD Oil contains organic hemp derivatives, which makes it legal and readily available.